Web Technology generally refers to various tools and techniques that are used in the process of communication between different types of devices over the Internet. A web browser is used to access web pages and web browsers can be defined as programs that display text, data, images, animations and videos on the Internet.
Let’s talk about the need for web technology!!
Knowing about Web Technology is essential today as it has become the number one source of information on the internet, and many traditional software applications have become web applications. Web applications have become more powerful and are capable of completely replacing desktop applications in most situations.Web Technology refers to the way computers/ devices communicate with each other using markup languages. It involves communication across the web, and creating, distributing or managing web content using hypertext markup language (HTML).
Browsers show us things we can understand. They are thought of as interpreters of the web. Now the most popular medium is Google Chrome. Currently the most popular browsers brought to you by Google Safari, such as Apple’s web browser Firefox, open source browsers supported by Mozilla Foundation Internet Explorer, are Microsoft’s browsers.
- HTML and CSS
In the case of HTML, web browsers need to know what to display upon receiving a request. If you want to better understand how HTML works, you should also know about CSS.CSS is cascading style sheets that describe how HTML elements will appear on screen. You’ll soon be creating CSS text effects, page transitions, image hover effects, and more if you browse enough tutorials.
- Web Development Framework
A web development framework is a starting point of items that a developer can use to avoid common or mundane tasks and get right to work instead.
Among the latest web technologies, Angular is specially designed for building dynamic web applications. With this framework you can easily build front-end oriented applications without using other frameworks or plugins.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is a server Web Technology that makes app development much easier and faster. The thing that really makes this framework stand out is the code reusability as well as some other great features that will help you get the job done in no time. Some of the most popular websites written with Ruby include Basecamp, Ask.fm, GitHub, 500px, and more.
Yii is basically an open source web application development framework built on PHP5. It is performance optimized, comes with several great tools for debugging and app testing, and another plus is that it is quite simple and easy to use.
- Programming languages
Computer language is not like human language. So they need a different way to communicate. Here are some popular programming languages like;
Ruby – Basically what you can expect from Ruby is small, readable code. Sometimes this means less efficiency than other programming languages but it means higher productivity.
APIs basically allow other developers to use some of the app’s functionality without sharing the code. Endpoints are exposed by developers while access can be controlled with APIs. Facebook, Twitter, and Google are examples of well-built APIs for their web services.
- Data Format
Data storage in a structure is called a data format.
JSON – It’s a syntax for storing and exchanging data. Currently it is becoming the most popular data format.
XML – It’s used by Microsoft systems.
CSV – This is comma formatted data; such as Excel data.
Each user of the application is called a client. Here clients can be computers, mobile devices, tablets etc. Typically, multiple clients interact with the same app stored on a server.
Server Any application code is usually stored on the server. Clients make requests to the server. Servers always respond to those requests after collecting the requested information.